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Environment and Climate

 

Moulin de St-Chinian

CLIMATE

Saint-Chinian has a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and fairly mild winters. However, it is close to the mountains (Montagne Noire and Monts de l'Espinouse), which bring a certain coolness to these "terroirs".
The wind plays a key role in the area. It can occasionally be a nuisance, breaking young shoots and thereby reducing the harvest, but it has the advantage of reducing the level of moisture in the plants (limiting the spread of Mildew) and around the grapes (reducing problems of rot). This means that the vines need to be sprayed less and the grapes can be left to ripen in peace.

 

ENVIRONMENT

Certain plant and animal species are linked to the various different types of countryside around Saint-Chinian, creating biodiversity in the environment.
The plant species are very varied. As well as being pleasing to the eye, they create a very evident scented atmosphere that is specific to each type of soil. Certain species are very representative of the “Saint-Chinianais”. Cistus ladanifer (gum rockrose) is a particularly interesting example. This endemic variety is found within a very limited area and produces a very strong-smelling gum (used in the perfume industry). We sometimes find this scent in our wines during fermentation. All these “garrigue” scents help to form the bouquet of our wines and are often revealed as the wines mature.
This diversity of plant life also provides a home for a wide variety of animals. Some species may act as auxiliary fauna for the vines, i.e. they prey on species that are damaging to the vines. As long as we maintain it, this natural balance means that the vines are at less risk of disease.

 

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